Ivan Illich – Deschooling Society Chapter 4: Institutional Spectrum

The latest text is from Ivan Illich‘s Deschooling Society (1971):

The choice is between two radically opposed institutional types, both of which are exemplified in certain existing institutions, although one type so characterizes the contemporary period as to almost define it. This dominant type I would propose to call the manipulative institution. The other type also exists, but only precariously. The institutions which fit it are humbler and less noticeable; yet I take them as models for a more desirable future. I call them “convivial” and suggest placing them at the left of an institutional spectrum, both to show that there are institutions which fall between the extremes and to illustrate how historical institutions can change color as they shift from facilitating activity to organizing production.

You can download the imposed PDFFantin Reader Illich Deschooling ch4.

You can also read the text online.

And here is an interesting video about Ivan Illich from The Pinky Show. (The video starts after a little intro).

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